We looked at how they were built on a foundation of stone and with clay bricks. Re-capping on clay bricks which have been used over thousands of years (and are still used today in some countries and cultures) and their production, discussing Egyptian and Roman cultures as we did so. Materials used and why are important too. Windows, light, air, cooking, courtyards and culture all played a part in their design.
We studied the Andron within the house, it's decor, location, size, furniture and use. The rules within the Andron and why they were there in Athenian society. The kitchen beside the Andron and entertainment, within learnt from archaeological evidence.
After drawing and labelling several layouts and plans of different Okios homes. We looked at the uses of each room other than the Andron; so we looked at the Gynaikon weaving, spinning and looms), bathroom (chimney, hip baths, chamber pots and public sewer slaves) , kitchens (portable ovens) , slaves quarters, store rooms and courtyard.
After lunch and a walk of the dog in the local park we continued our theme of the Okios by looking at household shrines. These are very similar to those we looked at for the Romano-Briton villas even though they were after the tradition passed on through cultures.Domestic Religion includes the use of Zeus Herkeios altars (which protects the boundaries of the house), hearth goddess Hestia - ( sister of Greek Gods Zeus and Hera) and finally the Herms.
Herms are to be typically found on the front of doorways and doors and are figures with erect phallus symbols providing male protection, fertility, good fortune and strength to the household.